Crime & Punishment
The greatest and most grievous punishment used in Viroth for such as civil offences against the King is drawing from the prison to the place of execution upon an hurdle or sled, where they are hanged till they be half dead, and then taken down, and quartered alive; after that, their members and bowels are cut from their bodies, and thrown into a fire, provided near hand and within their own sight, even for the same purpose. Sometimes, if the trespass be not the more heinous, they are suffered to hang till they be quite dead.
And whensoever any of the nobility are convicted of high treason by their peers, that is to say, equals (for an inquest by a commoner passed not upon them, but only of their fellow lords), this manner of their death is converted into the loss of their heads only.
In trial of cases concerning treason, felony, or any other grievous crime not confessed, the party accused doth yield, if he be a noble man, to be tried by an inquest and his peers; and if commoner, by the the King or his representative. Commoners performing misdemeanours are typically judged by the constable but may be over-ruled by the Reeve.
Vagabonds, those without a home, are always treated more harshly and likely to incur a much worse punishment.
Torture is a common part of the judicial system. The torture methods used by the Reeve for non Felonus cases are usually relatively mild, as they are usually forbidden to use methods that resulted in mutilation or death.
The punishments listed are not a full and complete list, and in many cases were commoners and vagabonds are concerned, it will be down to the Reeve to ensure a suitable punishment is applied. Whilst death is a common penalty for many of the crimes, it is rare for it to be actually invoked, but rather used as a deterrent. Jails are expensive to maintain, and only allow for a small number of prisoners, as such, typically physical punishments, restitution and fines were preferred.
In most cases, the laws are only upheld within the boundaries of the Telanthan City Walls. The refugee district is also largely 'lawless'.
Actions against the King, his family or his representatives. These are deemed as the most serious of crimes and are enforceable against anyone, including nobility.
Insurrection: Taking up arms against the King, his family or any of his representatives.
Punishments: Forfeiture of property and coin and/or banishment/death
Civil Unrest: Disputing or conspiring against the King's authority, sabotage of the King's property, arousing rebellion, acts of subversion.
Punishments: Forfeiture of property and coin and/or loss of citizenship, banishment
PRIVILEGE CRIMES (FELONIES):
Actions concerning the abuse of some kind of privilege, obligation, or right.
Abuse of Trust: Abuse of office or position, including extortion, embezzlement, failure to uphold Telanthan law
Punishments: Loss of office and status, forfeiture of property and coin, and/or banishment
Breach of Rank: Bearing chivalric weapons and/or heavy wargear without lawful right, public disrespect for a person of noble station, or a person of lawfully appointed public office such as Guard, Reeve or Constable.
Punishments: Fine (at least 5 shillings), and/or flogging, loss of citizenship
Deserter: Leaving the guard or constabulary without official release before one year of duty has been served.
Punishment: Fine of quarter of remainder of the year's salary they would of earned within the Guard. Or if in the constabulary, a fine of 25 shillings. Also all armour and weaponry must be returned or counted as theft.
Obstruction: Hindering a guard/constable/official in performance of their duty, refusal to submit to questioning, or to identify oneself.
Punishments: Fine (at least 5 shillings) and/or flogging, brief imprisonment
Crimes of violence. Note that the liability of persons of the noble class is usually limited to restitution and fines.
Disturbing the Peace: Attempting to create a disturbance. For example, wielding dangerous weapons in a public place, extreme public drunkenness or lewdness, or inciting a brawl or duel.
Punishment: Fine (at least 2 shillings) and/or brief imprisonment
Abduction: Detaining a person against their will without lawful cause.
Punishment: Restitution and/or fine, possible loss of citizenship
Assault, Common: Causing injury.
Punishment: Restitution to victim and/or fine (at least 5 shillings) to Telantha, flogging
Assault, Sexual: Rape
Punishment: Flogging and restitution, imprisonment
Slander: Publicly making a false accusation, or spreading malicious gossip without cause or significant evidence.
Punishment: Verbal scolding and/or restitution, flogging if repeat offence
Cannibalism: Eating or skinning of human bodies, including possession of human skins.
Punishment: Death by starvation
Manslaughter: Accidental killing, killing somebody in a duel.
Punishment: Restitution and/or fine (at least 10 shillings) and
imprisonment, loss of citizenship
Murder: Killing without due cause or provocation.
ECONOMIC CRIMES (MISDEMEANOURS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED):
Secular crimes that cause only economic harm. Note that the liability of persons of the noble class is usually limited to restitution and fines.
Forgery / Fraud: Forging or possessing forged documents or coinage
Punishment: Fine (at least 5 shillings) and/or restitution, imprisonment
Theft: Stealing another's belongings without putting the victim in fear of their life.
Punishment: Restitution and/or fine (at least 1 shilling, incrementing depending on worth of items stolen), imprisonment
Brigandage: Plundering and/or burning of another's property, highway robbery
Punishment: Restitution and/or fine (at least 10 shillings), and loss of citizenship, imprisonment, death for repeat or serious offenders
Smuggling: Possessing or transporting goods into an area in which they are illegal.
Punishment: Fine (at least 5 shillings) and confiscation of goods in
Tax Evasion (Felony): Avoiding payment of any lawful toll or tax.
Punishment: Restitution and/or fine, loss of citizenship for repeat
Offences to lawfully recognised temples or clergy, worship of the unnamed one. Note that the liability of persons of the noble class is usually limited to restitution and fines.
Worship of the Un-named One (FELONY):
Punishment: Forfeiture of property and banishment/death
Blasphemy (MISDEMEANOUR): Public disrespect for a lawfully recognised church or God.
Punishment: Verbal scolding and/or fine (at least 5 shillings)
Forfeiture - The right of the Reeve to seize holdings of any man/woman within the jurisdiction for repeated violations of felony laws, and/or prolonged evasion of taxes and fees.
FELONY: One of several grave crimes, such as murder, rape, or burglary, punishable by a more stringent sentence than that given for a misdemeanour.
MISDEMEANOUR: An offence less serious than a felony.